The fireplace in the house is part of the comfort and decoration. Today, the open fireplace is chosen as a function of charm (as well as the atmosphere it does) while before it used to play a role both for heating and food preparation.
To ensure the good functioning of the fireplaces, certain rules have to be respected, and they have, of course, developed over time. In fact, a simple hole in the roof was used for evacuation of the smoke, while today we have completely elaborated heat-collecting systems, which contain openings to prevent smoke and other advantages.
Parts of an open fireplace:
- Intake of fresh air – the opening or pipe is specially (pre) arranged to supply the required air to the fuel.
- Inner metal smoke collector hood – part of a pyramid-shaped fireplace covering the firebox and connecting it with a smoke outlet.
- Valve (shingle) – concrete or ceramic part for chimney raising.
- Wood tank – part of a fireplace intended for storing wood.
- Heart – a vertical partition that forms the interior of the firebox.
- Smoke outlet – vertical opening intended for exhaust fumes produced by combustion.
- Heads – a section overhanging the supporting wall, intended for supporting the beam.
- The bottom of the insert – the lower, horizontal part of the insert.
- Insert – the place where fire burns. It is usually built of refractory materials to withstand fire and emphasizes the effect of burning. It can be opened or closed (see page 114).
- Mask (decorative cover)- intended for covering the inner metal hood for collecting smoke and chimney start.
- Supporting walls – a construction that rests on a fireplace base and makes the lateral walls of a insert.
- Beam – upper part of the insert opening. In traditional fireplaces it is made of one piece of wood (beams) or of stone that rest on the brackets – heads.
- Flap (with chain) – retractable control device
- Ash tray – located at the center of the bottom of the insert to collect ash
It is not shown in the picture:
Chimney (on the roof) – outer part of the chimney coming out of the roof.
Funnel – a wall-mounted space in which a chimney and a fire place are inserted